Kinetic art or sculpture is art from most any medium that contains movement perceivable by the viewer or depends on motion for its effect. Canvas paintings that extend the viewer’s perspective of the artwork and incorporate multidimensional movement are the earliest examples of kinetic art. Kinetic sculpture today most often refers to three-dimensional sculptures and figures such as mobiles that move naturally or are machine operated. The parts that are moving are powered by wind, gravity, or a motorized propulsion system. Kinetic art/sculpture include a wide variety of techniques and styles that are often overlapping.
“Kinetic Sculpture or Art” as a moniker has been developed from a number of sources over time. Mobile or Kinetic art has its origins in the late 19th century from impressionist artists such as Monet, Manet, and Degas who originally experimented with accentuating the movement of human figures on canvas. These impressionist painters all sought to create art that was more lifelike than their contemporaries. Degas’ dancer and racehorse portraits are examples of what he believed to be “photo realism”